Deuterium Content of the Organic Compounds in Food Has an Impact on Tumor Growth in Mice
Research with deuterium-depleted water (DDW) in the last two decades proved that the deuterium/hydrogen ratio has a key role in cell cycle regulation and cellular metabolism. The present study aimed to investigate the possible effect of deuterium-depleted yolk (DDyolk) alone and in combination with DDW on cancer growth in two in vivo mouse models. To produce DDyolk, the drinking water of laying hens was replaced with DDW (25 ppm) for 6 weeks, resulting in a 60 ppm D level in dried egg yolk that was used as a deuterium-depleted food additive. In one model, 4T1, a cell line with a high metastatic capacity to the lung was inoculated in the mice’s mammary pad. After three weeks of treatment with DDW and/or DDyolk, the tumor volume in the lungs was smaller in all treated groups vs. controls with natural D levels. Tumor growth and survival in mice transplanted with an MCF-7 breast cancer cell line showed that the anticancer effect of DDW was enhanced by food containing the deuterium-depleted yolk. The study confirmed the importance of the D/H ratio in consumed water and in metabolic water produced by the mitochondria while oxidizing nutrient molecules. This is in line with the concept that the initiation of cell growth requires the cells to generate a higher D/H ratio, but DDW, DDyolk, or the naturally low-D lipids in a ketogenic diet, have a significant effect on tumor growth by preventing the cells from raising the D/H ratio to the threshold.
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